In Javascript, the “equal and of the same type” definition only applies to values

The colloquial definition of === is “equal and of the same type” however this is only true for values. For objects, both x == y and x === y comparison will return false even if the x & y objects are identical in every way, it will only return true if x & y are both references to the same object. In the case of == this can be overridden with the use of a toString() / valueOf() functions, but not ===.

The actual definition of equality operators is that == tests for “loose equality” and === tests for “strict equality”. This rather ambiguous definition gives opening to the strange and somewhat inconsistent results which can arise during intricate equality comparisons.

The Mozilla Developer Network has a good rundown on how this loose comparison works out.


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